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Thyroid: What is it, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment


Thyroid hormones, better known as thyroid, control some activities the human body has. Such as metabolism, which is the “mechanism” or regimen in which each body system functions. When a problem or pathology occurs with the thyroid gland. Chemical changes can saw that would affect us physically and emotionally.

What is the Thyroid?

What is the Thyroid?

However. It is an organ. Also known as a gland, located in the front part of the neck, just at the bottom. Below the larynx, in front of it. The thyroids are endocrine glands that produce hormones.

It is the gland that produces and simultaneously releases TSH hormones (T3 and T4) into the blood. Blood vessels, and circulation, forming part of the endocrine system. TSH hormones influence most of the activities and functions that the body has.

However. His most significant mechanic is metabolism. Moreover. The lower the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood, the slower and slower the flow of the body.

Importance Of The Thyroid

Firstly. We can understand that the thyroid gland plays a significant role in producing TSH hormones. However.  These generate cell differentiation and give growth to the organism.

Moreover. These hormones are responsible for many functions. Among them. We have: generate energy for the body, keep metabolism in order, regulate temperature and fertility in women, and influence growth.

Thyroid Symptoms

Thyroid Symptoms

Importantly. The most communal symptom is pain in the neck, generated by the swollen thyroid gland. Sometimes this pain can spread to the jaw or ears. This symptom can be present for more than a week, even months.

Sometimes, an appearance of a nodule in a TSH gland may occur. Also, a lump or lump is practical in the throat that causes pain, discomfort, or discomfort sensitive to touch.

The symptoms vary depending on the type of TSH you have. As stated above, but generally, there is a pattern that can change.


Weight gain or loss


dry skin,

Muscular weakness



swelling in the face

sore throat,

Sensitivity to cold.

Types of Thyroid Disorders

Types of Thyroid Disorders

However. Three types of disorders can seriously affect the functionality of this gland:


Moreover. It is an anomaly of decreased thyroid gland activity and the low level of thyroid hormones, causing a decrease in the body’s metabolism. Generating fatigue, altered heart rate, constipation, and weight gain.


On the contrary. If there is too much thyroid hormone in the body and the blood. The body will have a faster and faster metabolism.

How ever. It can characterize by excess drainage of TSH hormones. Increased functional activity of the TSH gland, and an overabundance of TSH hormone secretion; causing hyperactivity or tachycardia

However. It typically causes unexplained, involuntary weight loss and irregular heartbeat. This type of pathology requires a medical diagnosis and laboratory analysis.

Thyroid Cancer

Many people have no symptoms. Generally, the presence of a lump at the level of the neck causing a thyroid outline can observe. Fortunately, most forms of TSH cancer can cure.

Among the types of thyroid cancer, we find:

papillary cancer

medullary cancer

follicular cancer

anaplastic cancer

Currently, thyroid cancer is not a recurrent condition. This is due to technological innovations in ​​medicine, which allow early detection of these conditions.

Thyroid Causes

In the case of hypothyroidism, it can arise when the gland does not produce enough of the hormones that are need. Hypothyroidism can be due to many factors, such as autoimmune disease.

Hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disorder, also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

Another cause can certain medications, having a sequel to treatment for hyperthyroidism. And genetic effects of thyroid hormones, among others.

One of the leading causes of suffering from hyperthyroidism is a grave illness. Gland inflammation due to viral infections, or ingesting. A lot of thyroid hormone contained in some drugs or postpartum. Another cause could be having non-cancerous tumors.

How to Treat the Thyroid?

How to Treat the Thyroid?

Moreover. Treatment can vary depending on the organism. It can include medications, surgeries, or even some iodine therapies.

Antithyroid medications use. Moreover. Which prevent the body from producing new TSH hormones. Radioactive iodine is the future to kill thyroid cells that form with thyroid hormones. How ever, In some cases, chemotherapy is necessary.

A natural treatment can be consuming iodine since this is an element that regulates energy in the body. However. It must  included in the diet, drink plenty of dairy products, milk and derived products. And infusions, and do sports or other physical activities.


The diagnosis of the TSH is obtainer about the signs. Or signals raise above and through a blood test apply in a laboratory. Which measures the level of these hormones in the bloodstream. Before starting treatment for the condition, you must determine what type of TSH you have. Depending on any of them, their symptoms vary, and with it, their medical procedure.

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